Mitosis and meiosis are two types of cell division that occur in living organisms. Here are the main differences between them: Purpose: The main purpose of mitosis is to produce two genetica
Mitosis and meiosis are two types of cell division that occur in living organisms. Here are the main differences between them:
Purpose: The main purpose of mitosis is to produce two genetically identical daughter cells, while the main purpose of meiosis is to produce four genetically diverse daughter cells.
Stages: Mitosis consists of four stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Meiosis consists of two rounds of division, each with its own set of prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase stages.
Chromosome number: Mitosis occurs in cells with a diploid number of chromosomes (two sets), while meiosis occurs in cells with a haploid number of chromosomes (one set).
Crossing over: Meiosis involves a process called crossing over, which allows for genetic recombination between homologous chromosomes. Mitosis does not involve crossing over.
Daughter cells: Mitosis produces two genetically identical daughter cells, while meiosis produces four genetically diverse daughter cells.
Overall, the main difference between mitosis and meiosis is their purpose: mitosis is used for growth and repair of cells, while meiosis is used for sexual reproduction and the production of genetically diverse offspring.
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